The word “Gwadar” is a combination of two Balochi words—”Gwat” (wind) and “Dar” (gateway). The literal meaning of Gwadar is the “gateway of wind”.
Gwadar is a historic port city of Pakistan situated on the northern coastline of the Arabian Sea opposite the Gulf of Oman. Pakistan’s complete southern end comprises the Arabian Sea coastline extending right from the eastern border with India to the western border with Iran. Gwadar port is located at the extreme west of Pakistan’s coastline and is part of the Gwadar District of the Balochistan province. Gwadar is a largely flat barren land with two hills, the Koh-e-Batil (maximum height 449 ft.) at the head of the Hammerhead Peninsula and Koh-e-Mehdi (maximum height 1,112 ft.) to the East of the city.
Gwadar’s location and history have given it a unique blend of culture. The Arabic influence upon Gwadar is strong because of its proximity to the Arabian Peninsula across the Arabian Sea. Because Gwadar has remained under the influence of Oman, the legacy of the Omanis is visible in the local Makrani population who trace their lineage to Afro-Arabs and Zanj slaves. These slaves settled in the town during Omani rule. The Makrani culture has an Arabic dance and music called Liwa which originates from the Arabian Peninsula.